10 Thinking Biases (or Cognitive Traps)


  1. All-or-Nothing thinking: less than perfect is a total failure
  2. Over-generalisation: “always” / “never”
  3. Mental Filter: Picking out the single negative, dwelling exclusively on that
  1. Discounting the Positive: Positive evidence “doesn’t count”
  2. Jumping to Conclusions: without any evidence or data
  3. Magnification: Exaggerating the problems, catastrophising
  4. Emotional Reasoning: Negative emotions drive perception of facts
  5. “Should” / “Ought” Statements: placing pressure of self-expectation
  6. Labelling: “I made a mistake” becomes “I’m hopeless”
  7. Personalisation and Blame: Circle of concern vs circle of influence
The Professional Development Consortium - Dedici Ltd - 2020-08-14 (1)